How Do You Claim Compensation For Historical Abuse?

In this guide, we will explain how you could claim compensation for historical abuse through the Criminal Injury Compensation Authority (CICA). We will discuss the criteria that could mean you are eligible to claim through the CICA, as well as how long you will have to start your claim. Additionally, we will explain the evidence you need for your claim.

Compensation for historical abuse

Compensation for historical abuse claims guide

Furthermore, we will share some of the benefits when making a claim with a No Win No Fee solicitor from our panel. We will also share examples of the compensation you could receive following a successful claim.

You can also contact one of our friendly advisors if you wish to discuss your specific claim further. Our team is available 24/7 to offer you free legal advice and answer any of the questions you may have about making a criminal injury claim through the CICA.

To talk to an advisor today, you can:

  • Call using the number at the top of this page.
  • Contact us online.
  • Speak with an advisor using our live chat.

Choose A Section or Browse Our Guide

  1. When Are You Able To Claim Compensation For Historical Abuse?
  2. What Is Meant By Historical Abuse?
  3. What Will You Need When Making A CICA Claim?
  4. Potential Compensation You Could Receive From Historical Abuse Claims
  5. Our Panel Of No Win No Fee Solicitors Can Help You Claim Compensation For Historical Abuse
  6. Learn More About Claiming Sexual Abuse Compensation

When Are You Able To Claim Compensation For Historical Abuse?

If you have experienced historical abuse, you could be entitled to make a claim through the CICA for compensation. In the next section, we will explain in more detail what is meant by historical abuse.

The CICA can award compensation to those who have been injured in a crime of violence. However, to be able to claim compensation for historical abuse through the CICA, you must meet the following criteria:

  • You must have been injured in a crime of violence as defined by the CICA. This includes sexual abuse or assault.
  • The incident must have occurred in Scotland, England, Wales, or another relevant place (e.g. a boat registered to one of these countries).
  • You must have reported the incident to the police.

Do not hesitate to contact one of our advisors if you have any questions about making a CICA claim for historical sexual abuse.

What Is Meant By Historical Abuse?

Historical abuse, sometimes called non-recent abuse, is a term used to refer to abuse experienced by someone who is now an adult while they were under 18. 

The age of consent in the UK is 16. This means that sexual contact between an adult over 18 and a child is classed as abuse.

If someone has experienced sexual abuse as a child, they could suffer from physical and emotional long-term effects, such as post-traumatic stress disorder or internal injuries. When claiming compensation for historical abuse through the CICA, you could claim for both your physical and mental harm.

Is There A Time Limit For Seeking Historic Abuse Compensation?

When claiming compensation for historical abuse through the CICA, you must ensure that your claim is made within the correct time limits. Generally, you will have 2 years to start your claim from the date you reported the incident to the police. You are usually expected to report the incident to the police right away unless you can prove that you were unable to due to exceptional circumstances.

Additionally, exceptions can be made for this 2-year time limit. However, you will again need to prove that you were unable to start your claim within this timeframe due to exceptional circumstances.

Contact our advisors today if you have any further questions about claiming for PTSD due to sexual abuse or your legal rights to compensation as a sexual abuse survivor. They could also inform you whether you are within the time limit to start your claim and provide information on exceptions that can apply to these time limits.

What Will You Need When Making A CICA Claim?

When making a claim through the CICA, you will need to provide certain pieces of evidence. These are:

  • Proof that you meet the residency requirements.
  • A police reference number to prove that you reported the incident.
  • Medical evidence.

When claiming through the CICA, they will be able to liaise with the police for information regarding the incident. For example, they will be able to confirm with them whether any unspent criminal convictions could affect your award payout. 

Contact our advisors if you have additional questions about the evidence you need to claim compensation for historical abuse.

Potential Compensation You Could Receive From Historical Abuse Claims

When claiming through the CICA for historical abuse, your injuries will be valued in line with the tariff of injuries that is set out in the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2012.

A claim calculator could help you gain a better idea of the CICA payouts that can be awarded. Alternatively, you could refer to the table we have created below.

You could claim for several injuries, and the CICA’s multiple injury formula means that you will get 100% compensation for the injury that is valued as the highest, 30% for your second, and 15% for your third. 

InjuryNotesCompensation
Non-consensual penile penetration of a child.Results in serious internal injuries and a severely disabling mental illness that is permanent, as confirmed by a psychiatric prognosis.£44,000
Resulted in a disabling mental illness that was serious, as confirmed by a psychiatric prognosis.£27,000
Resulted in serious internal injuries.£22,000
Repeated incidents that lasted up to 3 years.£16,500
One incident.£11,000
Sexual assault of a child
A pattern of repetitive incidents that result in a severe mental illness as confirmed by a psychiatric prognosis.£27,000
A pattern of repetitive incidents over the course of 3+ years.£8,200
2+ isolated incidents of non-penile penetrative or oral-genital acts.£4,400
(Serious) A frequent pattern of repetitive sexual acts that are non-penetrative and performed under clothing.
£3,300
(Minor) Non-penetrative sexual acts performed over clothing.£1,000

You may also be able to claim compensation that is not subjected to this multiple injury formula in certain circumstances. These injuries can be found in a separate tariff. 

Special Expenses In A CICA Claim

Additionally, you could make a claim for special expenses. This could compensate you for:

  • Any equipment that was damaged in the incident that you relied on as a physical aid, such as glasses.
  • Home adaptations to cope with your injury, such as a stairlift.
  • Any equipment you need to cope with your injuries, such as a specially adapted car.
  • Care costs that relate to food preparation or your bodily functions.

However, to be able to claim for these special expenses, they must have all directly resulted from your injury and be necessary. Furthermore, they must not be able for free somewhere else.

Contact our advisors today if you have any additional questions about claiming historical abuse compensation. They could also provide you with more information on what you could claim under special expenses.

Our Panel Of No Win No Fee Solicitors Can Help You Claim Compensation For Historical Abuse

When you are pursuing compensation for historical abuse, you may want to consider seeking legal representation. An experienced solicitor from our panel could help you with your claim. Additionally, they may offer to represent you under a Conditional Fee Agreement (CFA). A CFA is a sort of No Win No Fee agreement. 

There are various benefits of making a claim with a No Win No Fee solicitor from our panel. For example:

  • You are generally not expected to pay the solicitor anything upfront for the legal services they are going to provide you.
  • Furthermore, you will not be expected to pay them for their services if the claim is unsuccessful.
  • However, you will pay your solicitor a success fee if your claim is successful. The success fee is a legally capped percentage that your solicitor will take from your compensation award.

If you have any questions about claiming with our panel of solicitors for sexual assault claims, you can contact our advisors. Our friendly advisors are available 24/7 to offer you free legal advice regarding your claim. They could also answer any further questions you may have, such as ‘how much compensation could I claim for sexual abuse as a child?’ 

To talk to an advisor today, you can:

  • Call using the number at the top of this page.
  • Contact us online.
  • Speak with an advisor using our live chat.

Learn More About Claiming Sexual Abuse Compensation

Additional guides by us about criminal injury claims:

Further information and resources:

Contact our advisors today if you have any further questions about claiming compensation for historical abuse.

Writer Megan Rice

Publisher Fern Scrimshaw